In addition, NATO cooperates with many other non-NATO countries and discusses its activities. The Mediterranean dialogue was launched in 1994 in order to coordinate in the same way with Israel and the countries of North Africa. On 31 March, NATO decided to suspend military and civilian cooperation with Russia. They said that political dialogue at the ambassadorial level or at a higher level would remain on the table to discuss the Ukrainian issue. The foundations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) were officially established on April 4, 1949 with the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty, commonly known as the Washington Treaty. On 16 December 2002, the European Union (EU) signed a comprehensive set of agreements with NATO under the Berlin Plus agreement. This agreement gave the EU the opportunity to use NATO`s assets in case it wanted to act independently in the event of an international crisis, provided THAT NATO itself did not want to act – the so-called “right to first refusal”. As for the people they invite to join the Alliance, the authors disagreed. The United Kingdom wanted to keep the alliance down and strong and avoid commitments to peripheral countries, while the United States voted in favour of inviting weaker or more inclined countries to Soviet aggression. On the other hand, France was mainly concerned with the protection of its colonial territories.
Germany, whose accession was not taken immediately into account because of the complexity of its situation, was worrying for the three countries. The supervisory body is the NATO Council, which deals with issues relating to the implementation of the Washington Treaty. The Council is organized so that it can meet at any time. The Council`s mandate is to create subsidiary bodies that it deems necessary, in particular a defence commission, which recommends implementation measures. NATO members, as defined in the 1949 Washington Treaty, agreed to consult when the territorial integrity, political independence or security of one of the contracting parties is threatened. The parties agreed that an armed attack on one or more of them in Europe or North America should be considered an attack on them all. They therefore agreed that, in exercising the right to individual or collective self-defence recognized under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, they would assist the parties or parties attacked in taking the measures deemed necessary by NATO, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic. The Russian intervention in Crimea in 2014 led to a harsh condemnation on the part of NATO countries and the creation of a new “spearhead” of 5,000 soldiers at bases in Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria.  At the next summit in Wales in 2014, NATO heads of state and government made their first official commitment to spend at least 2% of their gross domestic product on defence by 2024, which until now had only been an informal guideline.  NATO has not condemned the 2016 purges in Turkey.  NATO members opposed the UN Non-Proliferation Treaty, a binding agreement on the complete elimination of nuclear weapons negotiations, supported by more than 120 nations.
 Political dialogue with Japan began in 1990 and since then the Alliance has gradually strengthened its contacts with countries that are not part of one of these cooperation initiatives. In 1998, NATO established a set of general guidelines that do not formally institutionalize relations, but reflect the Desire of the Allies to strengthen cooperation. After a wide debate, the term “contact country” was agreed by the Allies in 2000. Until 2012, the Alliance had expanded the group, which meets to discuss topics such as anti-piracy and technology exchanges, as “partners around the world” or “global partners.” On 14 July, NATO Secretary General Mr.