The main difference between Roman and English law is that certain things (for example. B clothing, furniture and floor-to-work instruments) could not be mortgaged under Roman law, while there are no restrictions under English law. In the event of collateral, a particular property is transferred to the pawnbroker, which is sufficient to maintain an action against a criminal, but the property, that is, the property subject to the deposit, remains a pawn.  In the old medieval law, especially in Germanic law, there were two kinds of instructions, be possessed (see Altenglisch wed, Altfranie ernss, althochdeutsch wetti, Latin pignus depositum), i.e. supplied from the beginning, or not possessed (cf. OE b`d, OFr nam, nant, OHG pfant, L pignus oppositum), i.e. distracted at the due date, and essentially led to the principle of law. This distinction persists in some systems, for example. B in French pledge vs. collateral and Dutch vuistpand vs. stil pand.
Reciprocal symbolic (symbolic) commitments have generally been included in official ceremonies to consolidate agreements and other transactions. In the case of a residential loan, the only documents next to the mortgage that I signed are property documents, i.e. sworn insurance or mechanic`s title documents, and of course a right of withdrawal if a refinancing of the principal residence. I have never signed a contract with a third party for a home loan. Since the undertaking benefits both parties, the duty of instruction is required to exercise only ordinary diligence as to the undertaking made. The pawnbroker has the right to sell the collateral if the deposit does not provide the payment on the agreed date. As a result of an illegal sale, no property is guaranteed to a third-party buyer, unless it is a transfer of property such as money or marketable securities. In all other cases, persons without notice (BFP) must prove that they are a good faith buyer. For certain types of assets, as defined in the detailed laws of the jurisdiction, such a new owner (BFP) must have first consulted (before the purchase) without any other property being disclosed, and then have issued a public notice or registered its title before the Pfederin in a register recognized by the courts.