So what is the entry price for this extra level of individual attention? With technological advances, money management companies have been able to reduce their minimum investment requirements to a level well below the traditional $1 million level. But there is still not a single answer for the thousands of managers who make up the SMA universe. As a general rule, the entrance fee starts at $100,000. SMAS, which is aimed at high net worth retail investors, tends to set minimum balances of between $100,000 and $5 million. In strategies for institutional managers, minimum account sizes can range from $10 million to $100 million. The term “AMA” is used primarily in the U.S. brokerage industry for such agreements in which a portfolio management resource account is managed within the company, or more often by an external fund management company (Investment Advisory) with a director. In this context, an ADM can be considered an investment vehicle similar to an investment fund in which the client pays a fee to a money manager for his services that manage the client`s investment. The important difference is that an investment fund investor holds shares in a company that holds other interests, while an ADM investor directly owns the assets invested in his own name. SMAS must comply with a number of requirements set out in Rule 3a-4 of the Investment Corporations Act 1940 to ensure that they are not considered unregistered investment firms.  A similar type of account or agreement is referred to as a “separately managed account,” “separate account” or “private account” when opened directly with non-brokerage firms.
In this context, the term “separate account” should not be confused with a separate account of an insurance company. To avoid the “reciprocal” nature of investment funds, you may choose to buy individual stocks and bonds to build your own portfolio, but this takes time and denies you the benefit of professional portfolio management, which is the main reason why most investors invest their money in investment funds. More and more investors are turning to separate accounts for the benefits of professional portfolio management without the barrier of mutual ownership of the underlying securities. There are obvious benefits of an ADM for a client. An ADM provides access to a professional manager and his or her research capacity with the benefits of direct ownership of shares. Unlike a managed fund, each client can see exactly what investments in their portfolio are. Tax events and transaction costs are not distributed among clients and the cost base of the client investment is the date of their investment in the model portfolio. In addition, a portfolio of models is generally a portfolio of high conviction, with the total number of holdings in the model limited to 20 to 25 securities, whereas in a fund under management, the number of securities is generally not indicated and is generally much larger. Finally, since an SMA model is managed on a platform, the client does not have to manage the commercial, commercial or administrative actions of his portfolio. Clients benefit from online access to their portfolio of models and regular tax reports. The client pays an investment management and management fee.
Fees for professional money managers generally range from 1% to 3% of assets under management. In addition, investors can place restrictions on how the account is managed.